|This infobox, "Template:Starbox begin", is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its edit history page. The data in this infobox may not agree or state what Wikipedia states.|
Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||22h 10m 51.277s|
|Declination||+58° 12′ 04.55″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||3.35|
|Spectral type||K1.5 Ib|
|B−V color index||+1.55|
|Variable type||Eclipsing binary?|
|Proper motion (μ)|| RA: 13.52 ± 0.10 mas/yr |
Dec.: 5.24 ± 0.09 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||3.90 ± 0.10 mas|
|Distance||840 ± 20 ly |
(256 ± 7 pc)
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||−4.7|
|Surface gravity (log g)||0.75 cgs|
|Metallicity [Fe/H]||+0.22 dex|
|Rotational velocity (v sin i)||10.64 km/s|
Zeta Cephei (ζ Cep, ζ Cephei) is a star in the constellation of Cepheus. Zeta Cephei marks the left shoulder of Cepheus, the King of Joppa (Ethiopia).[clarification needed] It is one of the fundamental stars of the MK spectral sequence, defined as type K1.5 Ib.
Zeta Cephei is an orange supergiant star with a surface temperature of 3,853 K and eight times more massive than the Sun. The luminosity of Zeta Cephei is approximately 3,600 times that of the Sun. At a distance of about 840 light-years, Zeta Cephei has an apparent magnitude (m) of 3.4 and an absolute magnitude (M) of -4.7. The star has a metallicity approximately 1.6 times that of the Sun; i.e., it contains 1.6 times as much heavy-element material as the Sun.
Hekker et al. (2008) have detected a periodicity of 533 days, hinting at the possible presence of an as yet unseen companion. It is listed as a possible eclipsing binary with a very small amplitude.
At the edge of the 8 to 10 solar mass (M☉) limit at which stars develop iron cores and then explode as supernovae, Zeta Cephei's most likely fate is to produce a very massive white dwarf near the Chandrasekhar limit (1.4 M☉) at which such dense remnants can survive. If Zeta Cephei is a binary star; i.e., if there is a stellar companion, and it is close enough to feed sufficient matter to the white-dwarf-to-be, it is marginally possible that the limit could be overflowed, resulting in the white dwarf's collapse and a Type Ia supernova explosion.
- van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:0708.1752. Bibcode 2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. http://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/full/2007/41/aa8357-07/aa8357-07.html.Vizier catalog entry
- Levesque, Emily M.; Massey, Philip; Olsen, K. A. G.; Plez, Bertrand; Josselin, Eric; Maeder, Andre; Meynet, Georges (2005). "The Effective Temperature Scale of Galactic Red Supergiants: Cool, but Not As Cool As We Thought". The Astrophysical Journal 628 (2): 973. arXiv:astro-ph/0504337. Bibcode 2005ApJ...628..973L. doi:10.1086/430901.
- Morgan, W. W.; Keenan, P. C. (1973). "Spectral Classification". Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics 11: 29. Bibcode 1973ARA&A..11...29M. doi:10.1146/annurev.aa.11.090173.000333.
- Samus, N. N.Expression error: Unrecognized word "etal". (2009). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Samus+ 2007–2013)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/gcvs. Originally published in: 2009yCat....102025S 1: 02025. Bibcode 2009yCat....102025S.
- Luck, R. E. (1982). "The chemical composition of late-type supergiants. IV - Homogeneous abundances and galactic metallicity trends". Astrophysical Journal 256: 177. Bibcode 1982ApJ...256..177L. doi:10.1086/159895.
- Mallik, Sushma V. (December 1999), "Lithium abundance and mass", Astronomy and Astrophysics 352: 495–507, Bibcode 1999A&A...352..495M
- Hekker, S.; Meléndez, J. (2007). "Precise radial velocities of giant stars. III. Spectroscopic stellar parameters". Astronomy and Astrophysics 475 (3): 1003. arXiv:0709.1145. Bibcode 2007A&A...475.1003H. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078233.
- Hekker (2008). "Precise radial velocities of giant stars. IV. A correlation between surface gravity and radial velocity variation and a statistical investigation of companion properties". Astronomy and Astrophysics 480 (1): 215–222. arXiv:0801.0741. Bibcode 2008A&A...480..215H. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078321.
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