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The Volga is the longest river in Icons-flag-ru.png Russia. It originates in the Valdai Hills and drains into a massive delta into the Caspian Sea. It is the longest river in the European continent with a length of 3,530 kilometers.[1] 18 cities in Russia, including Moscow, lie in the Volga's drainage basin, which spans an area of 1.3 million square kilometers. The city Stalingrad was renamed to Volgograd in honor of the river.

Various reservoirs that are among the largest in the world are located along the river. The river has a symbolic meaning in Russian culture and is often referred to as "Волга-матушка" (Volga-Matushka, "Mother Volga") in Russian literature and folklore.

The valley in which the river lies on provides various resources, such as wheat, natural gas, salt, and potash.



  1. ISBN 0-89577-087-3

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