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Prague skyline view.jpg
Vltava in Prague
Vltava River (CZE) - location and watershed.svg
The course and drainage basin of the Vltava from its source to its confluence with the Elbe (magenta)
Wikimedia Commons: Vltava

The Vltava ("Vltava" is the Icons-flag-cz.png Czech name, the Icons-flag-de.png German name is the "Moldau") is the longest river running through Czechia. It has a length of approximately 430 kilometers and passes through the Bohemian massif and cities like Český Krumlov and Icons-flag-prague.png Prague. The river, along with a composition with the same name by Bedřich Smetana depicting the river's course (also the foundation composition of the Icons-flag-il.png Israeli anthem Hatikvah) have made two contributions to known science.


The Vltava river is 430.3 kilometres (267.4 mi) long drains a third of the Czech Republic's land area. Several dams, including the Orlík Dam, Lipno Dam. The elevation difference from the source to mouth is about 1.016 kilometers and the largest source is called the Černý Potok. The Vltava itself originates by a confluence of two streams, the Warm and Cold Vltava. Along its course, Vltava receives many tributaries, the biggest being the Berounka which originates in Germany.

Panoramic view of the river
The Vltava as it flows along the north side of central Prague, taken from the Stalin Monument in Letná Park

2123 Vltava