|This infobox, "Template:Starbox begin", is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its edit history page. The data in this infobox may not agree or state what Wikipedia states.|
Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||06h 11m 51.41401s|
|Declination||21° 52′ 05.6452″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||6.27 - 7.50|
|Spectral type||K5.5 - M1.3 Iab + B4 III:|
|U−B color index||+1.77|
|B−V color index||+2.25|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||+20.42 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)|| RA: 0.29 mas/yr |
Dec.: −2.41 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||1.05 ± 0.58 mas|
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||-6.31|
|Radius||623 ± 158, 620 - 710 (-770) R☉|
|Diameter||623 ± 158, 620 - 710 (-770) D☉|
|Luminosity||62,000 - 89,000 L☉|
|Temperature||3,500 - 3,850 K|
TV Geminorum is classified as a semi-regular variable star, meaning that its brightness changes are not predictable, but do show some periodicity. The General Catalogue of Variable Stars does not list a period, but the International Variable Star Index gives an uncertain period of 229 days. A detailed study of TV Gem between 1997 and 2014 detects periods of 411 days and 3,137 days.
TV Geminorum changes its size, temperature, and luminosity as its brightness varies. The temperature changes between 3,500 K and 3,850 K, the radius between 620 D☉ and 710 D☉, and the bolometric luminosity between 62,000 L☉ and 89,000 L☉. The majority of the electromagnetic radiation is emitted at wavelengths longer than the visual band, being only around 20,000 times brighter than the sun at visual wavelengths.
The pulsations are not correlated with the brightness changes in the expected way; other pulsating variables are brightest when they are hottest and smallest, but TV Gem does not follow this rule. It has been suggested that the luminosity variations are affected by the formation of supergranules surrounding the star. The spectral type varies in line with the temperature changes, from as early as K5.5 to as late as M1.3. The type M1.3 is assigned by a numerical calculation from photometry. The MK spectral class is M0 - M1.5 Iab.
If TV Gem was at the centre of the solar system, the four inner planets, including the Earth, would be encompassed within the star. It is losing mass at an annual rate of ×10−7M☉. 3.5
TV Gem appears to have a very close hot companion. Its existence is inferred from an ultraviolet excess in the spectral energy distribution. The spectral type determined from the ultraviolet portion of the spectrum is B4, appearing to be a giant although it is thought that this is caused by the stellar wind from an underlying main sequence star. It is estimated to have an apparent magnitude of 11.2 and an absolute magnitude of −1.4.
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