Sodium chloride, is an ionic compound formed by the chemical reactions between sodium and chlorine. The chemical formula for this compound is NaCl. It is very abundant in the Earth's ocean and sea. It is responsible for the salinity of the water in the Earth's Sea and it is responsible for the extracellular fluid of many multicellular organisms and on it's most edible form, is called table salt, and it has plenty of industrial uses. It is also used as a condiment and a preservative and extremely large amounts of it can be used for industrial uses. The secondary major use for it is for de-icing roads, because the chemical reaction lowers the melting point of ice, and makes the roads less slippery.
There are multiple industrial uses for sodium chloride.
- Sodium chloride can be the base for many types of powdered detergent, for heavy duty scrubbing and cleaning. Surfactants are added to make it clean better, and a stabilizer males the detergent become highly alkaline.
- It can be used for roads, as the chemical reaction on the ice can cause the ice to melt.
- It's edible form can be used to make things taste better, and it can be used as a preservative, such as to prevent foods from developing mold growth.
There were known challenges involving salt, the most famous was the salt & ice challenge which caused severe burns to the skin.