Omicron Cephei

From the Science Archives, the open-project database of science information
Jump to navigation Jump to search
ο Cephei
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Cepheus
ο Cep A
Right ascension 23h 18m 37.493s
Declination +68° -6′ 41.20″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.86[2]
ο Cep B
Right ascension 23h 18m 37.115s
Declination +68° 06′ 38.65″[3]
Apparent magnitude (V) 7.13[2]
U−B color index +0.49[2]
B−V color index +0.84[2]
R−I color index +0.45[2]
ο Cep A
Spectral type G8III[4]
ο Cep B
Spectral type F6V[2]
ο Cep A
Proper motion (μ) RA: 54.88[1] mas/yr
Dec.: 10.91[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)15.48 ± 0.55[5] mas
Distance211 ± 7 ly
(65 ± 2 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)0.78[6]
ο Cep B
Proper motion (μ) RA: 45.70[3] mas/yr
Dec.: 13.19[3] mas/yr
Period (P)1505±40 y
Semi-major axis (a)3.13±0.12 
Eccentricity (e)0.439±0.020
Inclination (i)16.0±4.0°
Longitude of the node (Ω)4.5±4.5°
Periastron epoch (T)B1692 ± 20
Argument of periastron (ω)
ο Cep A
Mass2.35 ± 0.15[4] M
Luminosity51[6] L
Metallicity [Fe/H]0.05±0.02[6] dex
ο Cep B
Mass1.29[4] M
Other designations
ο Cep, Omicron Cephei, Omicron Cep, 34 Cephei, 34 Cep, STF 3001AB, ADS 16666 AB, BD+67°1514, CCDM J23186+6807AB, GC 32463, GSC 04478-01361, HD 219916, HIP 115088, HR 8872, IDS 23145+6734 AB, PPM 24360, SAO 20554, WDS 23186+6807AB.[5][7]
Database references

Omicron Cephei, Latinized from ο Cephei, is a binary star in the constellation of Cepheus.[5] It consists of a less massive F-type main sequence star in orbit with a more massive G-type giant star.[4] The overall apparent visual magnitude of the system is 4.75.[2]

The pair was first determined to be binary by F. G. W. Struve in 1832. Since then, the secondary has been seen to revolve approximately 45 degrees around the primary. A number of orbits have been computed, the most recent giving a period of approximately 1500 years.[4]

Visual companion[edit]

CCDM J23186+6807C
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Cepheus
Right ascension 23h 18m 37.5s[8]
Declination +68° 07′ 26″[8]
Apparent magnitude (V) 12.8[8]
Position (relative to A)
Epoch of observation1912
Angular distance45.6 [7]
Position angle[7]
Other designations
STF 3001C, ADS 16666 C, IDS 23145+6734 C, WDS 23186+6807C.[7][8]
Database references

There is a visual companion, CCDM J23186+6807C, to the binary star. It has an approximate apparent visual magnitude of 12.8 and is located approximately 45 arcseconds away from it.[7][8]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Component 1, HIP 115088, database entry, The Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues, 1997, CDS ID I/239.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 HR 8872, database entry, The Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Preliminary Version), D. Hoffleit and W. H. Warren, Jr., CDS ID V/50. Accessed on line November 24, 2008.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Component 2, HIP 115088, database entry, The Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues, 1997, CDS ID I/239.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Orbit and System Mass for the Visual Binary WDS 23186+6807AB, José A. Docobo, Vakhtang S. Tamazian, Manuel Andrade, and Norik D. Melikian, Astronomical Journal 126, #3 (September 2003), pp. 1522–1525, Bibcode2003AJ....126.1522D, doi:10.1086/377319.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1 at line 379: attempt to call method 'match' (a nil value).
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971, Bibcode 2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Entry 23186+6807, The Washington Double Star Catalog, United States Naval Observatory. Accessed on line November 24, 2008.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1 at line 379: attempt to call method 'match' (a nil value).

Add your comment
The Science Archives welcomes all comments. If you do not want to be anonymous, register or log in. It is free.

As a reminder, article comments are only for discussions on how to improve the article. Please direct other comments to a user's talk page. Please be formal and do not use excessive uppercase. Please be advised you may receive an automatic block if you break the article comments policy. For information regarding what is acceptable/not acceptable in article comments, please message Icons-flag-ru.png Joey (talk), Natalia (talk), Icons-flag-fr.png ynoss (talk), or Icons-flag-ca.png Daniel (older account/talk).