Gottfried Kirch (or Kirche, Kirkius) was a German astronomer and the first "Astronomer Royal" in Berlin and, as such, director of the nascent Berlin Observatory. He was born on December 18, 1639 and died on July 25, 1710. The crater Kirch on the Moon and the asteroid 6841 Gottfriedkirch are named after him. He also studied the multiple star system Mizar. Most notably, he manufactured telescopes, and on November 14, 1680, he discovered the Great Comet of 1680. In 1686, he discovered the Mira variable Chi Cygni.
He was the son of Michael Kirch, a shoemaker from Saxon, Germany.
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