Gerard Kuiper

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Gerard Kuiper (1905-73) was a very influential scientist and astronomer. After studying astronomy at the University of Leiden in the Icons-flag-nl.png Netherlands, he moved to the Icons-flag-us.png United States in 1933. He founded the Lunar and Planetary Institute in Arizona in 1960 and later worked on early planetary probes. He discovered Miranda, a moon of Uranus, and Nereid, a moon of Neptune, and was the first to identify Carbon Dioxide as the major component of Mars's atmosphere. In 1951, he proposed the existence of the Kuiper Belt - where Pluto and other dwarf planets reside - though be believed it to be a remnant of the early Solar System.


  • Universe by Martin Rees, ISBN 978-1-4093-7650-7