Cepheus in Chinese astronomy

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The modern constellation Cepheus lies across one of the quadrants symbolized by the Black Tortoise of the North (北方玄武, Běi Fāng Xuán Wǔ), and Three Enclosures (三垣, Sān Yuán), that divide the sky in traditional Chinese uranography.

The name of the western constellation in modern Chinese is 仙王座 (xiān wáng zuò), meaning "the immortal king constellation".


The map of Chinese constellation in constellation Cepheus area consists of :

Four Symbols / Enclosures Mansion / Enclosure (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Asterisms (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Western star name Chinese star name Romanization Translation
Three Enclosures (三垣) 紫微垣 Zǐ Wēi Yuán Purple Forbidden enclosure 紫微左垣 Zǐwēizuǒyuán Left Wall
β Cep 上衛增一 Shǎngwèizēngyī 1st additional star of The First Imperial Guard
11 Cep 上衛增二 Shǎngwèizēngèr 2nd additional star of The First Imperial Guard
78 Dra[1] 上衛增三 Shǎngwèizēngsān 3rd additional star of The First Imperial Guard
γ Cep[2]
紫微左垣七 Zǐwēizuǒyuánqī 7th star
少衛 Shǎowèi The Second Imperial Guard
79 Dra[1] 少衛增一 Shǎowèizēngyī 1st additional star of The Second Imperial Guard
16 Cep 少衛增二 Shǎowèizēngèr 2nd additional star of The Second Imperial Guard
24 Cep 少衛增三 Shǎowèizēngsān 3rd additional star of The Second Imperial Guard
HD 210873 少衛增四 Shǎowèizēngsì 4th additional star of The Second Imperial Guard
31 Cep 少衛增五 Shǎowèizēngwǔ 5th additional star of The Second Imperial Guard
ρ2 Cep 少衛增七 Shǎowèizēngqī 7th additional star of The Second Imperial Guard
天柱 Tiānzhǔ Celestial Pillars
77 Dra[1] 天柱二 Tiānzhǔèr 2nd star
κ Cep 天增二 Tiānzhǔzēngsān 2nd additional star
勾陳 Gōuchén Curved Array
2 UMi[3][4] 勾陳五 Gōuchénwu 5th star
HD 217382 勾陳六 Gōuchénliù 6th star
HD 216446 勾陳增一 Gōuchénzēngyī 1st additional star
HD 221525 勾陳增二 Gōuchénzēngèr 2nd additional star
OV Cep 勾陳增四 Gōuchénzēngsì 4th additional star
六甲 Liùjiá Six Jia HD 30338 六甲五 Liùjiáwu 5th star
天皇大帝 Tiānhuángdàdì Great Emperor of Heaven HD 212710[3] 天皇大帝 Tiānhuángdàdì (One star of)
五帝內座 Wudìnèizuò Interior Seats of the Five Emperors
HD 18438[3] 五帝內座一 Wudìnèizuòyī 1st star
HD 16458
五帝內座三 Wudìnèizuòsān 3rd star
南方赤帝 Nánfāngchìdì Red king in the south
HD 19978[3] 五帝內座四 Wudìnèizuòsì 4th star
HD 25007
五帝內座五 Wudìnèizuòwu 5th star
北方黑帝 Běifānghēidì Black king in the north
HD 6798 五帝內座增二 Wudìnèizuòzēngèr 2nd additional star
HD 7238 五帝內座增三 Wudìnèizuòzēngsān 3rd additional star
傳舍 Chuánshě Guest House HD 223274[3] 傳舍一 Chuánshěyī 1st star
Black Tortoise of the North (北方玄武) Wēi Rooftop 天鈎 Tiāngōu Celestial Hook
4 Cep 天鈎一 Tiāngōuyī 1st star
θ Cep[5] 天鈎三 Tiāngōusān 3rd star
η Cep[5] 天鈎四 Tiāngōusì 4th star
α Cep[5]
天鈎五 Tiāngōuwu 5th star
天鉤东第六星 Tiāngōudōngdìliùxīng 6th eastern star
内五诸侯 Nàwuzhūhóu Five internal feudal vassal
ξ Cep[5] 天鈎六 Tiāngōuliù 6th star
26 Cep 天鈎七 Tiāngōuqī 7th star
ι Cep[5] 天鈎八 Tiāngōubā 8th star
ο Cep[5] 天鈎九 Tiāngōujiǔ 9th star
66 Cep 天钩增一 Tiāngōuzēngyī 1st additional star
68 Cep 天鈎增二 Tiāngōuzēngèr 2nd additional star
71 Cep 天鈎增三 Tiāngōuzēngsān 3rd additional star
6 Cep 天鈎增五 Tiāngōuzēngwǔ 5th additional star
7 Cep 天钩增七 Tiāngōuzēngqī 7th additional star
9 Cep 天鈎增九 Tiāngōuzēngèr 9th additional star
19 Cep 天鈎增十一 Tiāngōuzēngshíyī 11th additional star
20 Cep 天鈎增十三 Tiāngōuzēngshísān 13th additional star
25 Cep 天鈎增十四 Tiāngōuzēngshísì 14th additional star
30 Cep 天鈎增十五 Tiāngōuzēngshíwǔ 15th additional star
造父 Zàofǔ Tsao Fu
δ Cep[5] 造父一 Zàofǔyī 1st star
ζ Cep[5] 造父二 Zàofǔèr 2nd star
λ Cep[5] 造父三 Zàofǔsān 3rd star
μ Cep[5] 造父四 Zàofǔsì 4th star
ν Cep[5] 造父五 Zàofǔwu 5th star
14 Cep 造父增一 Zàofǔzēngyī 1st additional star
HD 210220 造父增二 Zàofǔzēngèr 2nd additional star
15 Cep 造父增三 Zàofǔzēngsān 3rd additional star
12 Cep 造父增四 Zàofǔzēngsì 4th additional star
Shì Encampment 騰蛇 Téngshé Flying Serpent
HD 206267[3] 螣蛇七 Téngshéqī 7th star
13 Cep 螣蛇八 Téngshébā 8th star
ε Cep[6] 螣蛇九 Téngshéjiǔ 9th star

See also[edit]


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